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Vision and Hearing Loss
(Studies linking vaccines to loss of vision and hearing)

      This webpage provides scientific evidence linking vaccines to vision and hearing impairments.

400 Critical Vaccine Studies

    Vaccines and Loss of Vision:

  • Albitar S, et al. Bilateral retrobulbar optic neuritis with hepatitis B vaccination. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1997 Oct;12(10):2169-70.
  • Achiron LR, et al. Postinfectious hepatitis B optic neuritis. Optom Vis Sci 1994;71:53-6. Arya SC., et al. Ophthalmic complications of vaccines against hepatitis B virus. Int Ophthalmol. 1997;21(3):177-8.
  • Baglivo E, et al. Multiple evanescent white dot syndrome after hepatitis B vaccine. Am J Ophthalmol. 1996 Sep;122(3):431-2.
  • Berkman N, Benzarti T, Dhaoui R, Mouly P., et al. [Bilateral neuro-papillitis after hepatitis B vaccination] Presse Med. 1996 Sep 28;25(28):1301. French.
  • Berkman N. [A case of segmentary unilateral occlusion of the central retinal vein following hepatitis B vaccination]. Presse Med. 1997 Apr 26;26(14):670. French.
  • Bienfang DC, et al. Ocular abnormalities after influenza immunization. Arch Ophthalmol. 1977 Sep;95(9):1649.
  • Bourges JL, Pisella PJ, Laurens C, Limon S. [Multifocal placoid epitheliopathy and anti-hepatitis B vaccination] J Fr Ophtalmol. 1998 Nov;21(9):696-700. French.
  • Brezin A, et al. Visual loss and eosinophilia after recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. Lancet. 1993 Aug 28;342(8870):563-4.
  • Brezin AP, Massin-Korobelnik P, Boudin M, Gaudric A, LeHoang P., et al. Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy after hepatitis B vaccine. Arch Ophthalmol. 1995 Mar;113(3):297-300.
  • Fong KS, et al. Multiple evanescent white dot syndrome--an uncommon cause for an enlarged blind spot. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 1996 Nov;25(6):866-8.
  • Galli M, Morelli R, Casellato A, et al. Retrobulbar optic neuritis in a patient with acute type B hepatitis. Neurol Sci 1986;72:195-200.
  • Granel B, et al. [Occlusion of the central retinal vein after vaccination against viral hepatitis B with recombinant vaccines. 4 cases]. Presse Med. 1997 Feb 1;26(2):62-5. French.
  • Hull TP, et al. Optic neuritis after influenza vaccination. Am J Ophthalmol. 1997 Nov;124(5):703-4.
  • Helies P, et al. [Oculo-palpebral complication of vaccination. Review of the literature]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 1994;17(1):62-6. Review. French.
  • Kazarian EL, et al. Optic neuritis complicating measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination. Am J Ophthalmol. 1978 Oct;86(4):544-7.
  • Kawasaki A, et al. Bilateral anterior ischemic optic neuropathy following influenza vaccination. J Neuroophthalmol. 1998 Mar;18(1):56-9.
  • Kline L, Margulies SL, Oh SJ. Optic neuritis and myelitis following rubella vaccination. Arch Neurol 1982;39:443-4.
  • Milkowski S. [Ocular complications following influenza]. Wiad Lek. 1971 Jan 15;24(2):103-8. Polish.
  • McKibbin M, et al. Bilateral optic neuritis after hepatitis A. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1995 Apr;58(4):508.
  • Ray CL, et al. Bilateral optic neuropathy associated with influenza vaccination. J Neuroophthalmol. 1996 Sep;16(3):182-4.
  • Voigt U, Baum U, Behrendt W, Hegemann S, Terborg C, Strobel J. [Neuritis of the optic nerve after vaccinations against hepatitis A, hepatitis B and yellow fever] Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd. 2001 Oct;218(10):688-90. German.
  • Schuil J, van de Putte EM, Zwaan CM, Koole FD, Meire FM. Retinopathy following measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination in an immuno-incompetent girl.Int Ophthalmol. 1998;22(6):345-7.
  • Solomon A, et al. Bilateral simultaneous corneal graft rejection after influenza vaccination. Am J Ophthalmol. 1996 Jun;121(6):708-9.
  • Solomon A, et al. Adverse ocular effects following influenza vaccination. Eye. 1999 Jun;13 (Pt 3A):381-2.
  • Stevenson VL, et al. Optic neuritis following measles/rubella vaccination in two 13-year-old children. Br J Ophthalmol. 1996 Dec;80(12):1110-1.
  • Kawasaki A, et al. Bilateral anterior ischemic optic neuropathy following influenza vaccination. J Neuroophthalmol. 1998 Mar;18(1):56-9.
  • Vaccines and Loss of Hearing:

  • Orlando MP, Masieri S, Pascarella MA, Ciofalo A. Filiaci F, et al, "Sudden hearing loss Consequent to Hepatitis B Vaccination: a case report." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1997 Dec 29, 830: 319-321
  • Biacabe B, Erminy M, Bonfils P, et al, "A Case of Fluctuant Sensorineural Hearing Loss consequent to Hepatitis B Vaccination: a case report." Auris Nasus Larynx. 1997 Oct; 24(4): 357-360.
  • Watson JG, et al, "A Child of 3 years who developed an Encephalitic Reaction to MMR immunization at age 15 months." Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1990; 19:189-190.
  • Mair IW, Elverland HH, et al, "Sudden deafness and vaccination." J Laryngol Otol. 1977 Apr; 91(4): 323-329.
  • Stewart, B.J.A., et al. "Reports of sensorineural deafness after measles, mumps, and rubella immunisation." Archives of Diseases of Childhood 1993; 69:153-54.
  • Wirth G, et al. "Reversible Kochlearisschadigung nach Tetanol-Injektion?" Munch med Wschr. 1965 Aug; 107: 379-381. (Linking Tetanus toxoid in DTaP to hearing loss)
  • Freed GL, Katz SL, Clark, SJ, et al. "Safety of vaccinations: Miss America, the media, and public health." JAMA. 1996; 276: 1869-1872.
  • Eavey RD, et al. "Vaccine safety, media reporting, and Miss America." JAMA. 1997; Jul 23-30; 278(4): 290-291.
  • Kaga, "Unilateral Total Loss of Auditory and Vestibular Function as a Complication of Mumps Vaccination", Int J Ped Oto, Feb 1998, 43(1):73-73
  • Nabe-Nielsen, Walter, "Unilateral Total Deafness as a Complication of the Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccination", Scan Audio Suppl, 1988, 30:69-70
  • Hulbert, et al, "Bilateral Hearing Loss after Measles and Rubella Vaccination in an Adult", NEJM, 1991 July, 11;325(2):134
  • Healy, "Mumps Vaccine and Nerve Deafness", Am J Disorder Child, 1972 Jun; 123(6):612
  • Jayarajan, Sedler, "Hearing Loss Following Measles Vaccination", J Infect, 1995 Mar; 30(2):184-185
  • Pialoux, P et al, "Vaccinations and Deafness", Ann Otolaryng (Paris), Dec 1963, 80:1012-1013.
  • Angerstein, W, et al, "Solitary Hearing and Equilibrium Damage After Vaccinations", Gesundheitswesen, May 1995, 57(5): 264-268.
  • Brodsky, Stanievich, "Sensorineural Hearing Loss Following Live Measles Virus Vaccination", Int J Ped Oto, 1985 Nov; 10(2):159-163
  • Koga, et al, "Bilateral Acute Profound Deafness After MMR Vaccination- Report of a Case", Nippon Jibiin Gakkai Kai, 1991 Aug;94(8):1142-5
  • Seiferth, LB, "Deafness after Oral Poliomyelitis Vaccination - a Case Report and Review", HNO, 1977 Aug; 25(8): 297-300
  • Pantazopoulos, PE, "Perceptive Deafness Following Prophylactic use of Tetanus anittoxin", Laryngoscope, Dec 1965, 75:1832-1836.
  • Zimmerman, W, "Observation of a case of Acute Bilateral Hearing Impairment Following Preventive Poliomyelitis Vaccination (type 3)", Arch Ohr Nas Kehlkopfheilk, 1965, 185:723-725.

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